Last edited by Vujas
Monday, July 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of Toxicity of arsenic compounds. found in the catalog.

Toxicity of arsenic compounds.

William Drummond Buchanan

Toxicity of arsenic compounds.

by William Drummond Buchanan

  • 80 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by Elsevier in Amsterdam .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Arsenic -- Toxicology.

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesElsevier monographs on toxic agents -- 18
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA1231 A7 B87
    The Physical Object
    Pagination155p.
    Number of Pages155
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17357930M

      Arsenic poisoning, or arsenicosis, happens when a person takes in dangerous levels of arsenic. Arsenic is a natural semi-metallic chemical that Author: Michael Paddock.   Other, more soluble compounds with lower toxicities are now more commonly used. Today, poisons using arsenic are rare; the last person to be convicted of using arsenic as a poison was Marcus Marymont, a US sergaent, who in used white arsenic to poison his wife.

    Arsenic poisoning, harmful effects of various arsenic compounds on body tissues and functions. Arsenicals are used in numerous products, including insect, rodent, and weed killers, some chemotherapeutic agents, and certain paints, wallpaper, and ceramics. Arsenic poisoning in humans most often results from the ingestion or inhalation of insecticides containing arsenious . Arsenic had long been used in medicine, going back to antiquity, and was finding widespread use by the eighteenth century. Arsenic preparations were taken both externally and internally. Of the various solutions of arsenic compounds, the most important was Fowler's Solution, introduced by English physician Thomas Fowler in

    The animals were maintained for lifespan observation. During the study period, 77 percent of the hamsters given arsenic trisulfide died. The major cause of death was attributed to pneumonitis resulting from arsenic toxicity. One lung adenoma occurred in 22 animals given arsenic trisulfide. One of 21 controls developed a lung adenosquamous.   This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears : T. G. Faulkner Hudson.


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Toxicity of arsenic compounds by William Drummond Buchanan Download PDF EPUB FB2

View chapter Purchase book. Read full chapter. 3 Arsenic Toxicity. Arsenic compounds are known to be very toxic and carcinogenic.

Chronic exposure to arsenic has more effects on health than any other toxicant, and the list continues to grow. Arsenic poisoning takes between 8 and 14 years to manifest its effect on health.

Handbook of Arsenic Toxicology presents the latest findings on arsenic, its chemistry, its sources and its acute and chronic effects on the environment and human health.

The book takes readings systematically through the target organs, before detailing current. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Buchannan, William Drummond.

Toxicity of arsenic compounds. Amsterdam, New York, Elsevier Pub. Co., Arsenic and its compounds, especially the trioxide, are used in the production of pesticides, treated wood products, herbicides, and insecticides. These applications are declining due to the toxicity of arsenic and its compounds.

A few species of bacteria are able to use arsenic compounds as respiratory ciation: /ˈɑːrsnɪk/, (ARS-nik), as an adjective:. Inorganic arsenic, which may occur in a pure metallic form as well as in compounds, is the more harmful variant.

The toxicity of arsenic does not diminish with time. Pictured: Accidents caused by. Arsenic and arsenic compounds were considered by previous IARC Working Groups in, and (IARC, ). Since that time, new data have become available, these have been incorported in the Monograph, and.

The toxicity of arsenic compounds can vary greatly. In general, arsenic compounds can be ranked from highest to lowest toxicity: inorganic trivalent compounds, organic trivalent compounds, inorganic pentavalent compounds, organic pentavalent compounds, and; elemental arsenic [Gorby ].

Inorganic arsenic is generally more toxic than organic. Arsenic poisoning is a global health issue affecting millions of people worldwide through environmental and occupational exposure, as well as intentional suicide and homicide attempts.

Although arsenic homicides commonly receive media publicity, the primary source of arsenic toxicity to the general population is by contaminated water, soil and food by: 1.

Book: Toxicity of Arsenic Compounds. + pp. Abstract: The author, who is H.M. Deputy Senior Medical Inspector of Factories factories Subject Category: Infrastructure see more details, has made good use of the probably unique collection of reports of the Medical Branch of the Factory by: Metabolism, toxicity and anticancer activities of arsenic compounds Article (PDF Available) in Oncotarget 8(14) July with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Fielder, R.J. Inorganic arsenic compounds. London: H.M.S.O., (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication.

Arsenic and its compounds toxicity. Arsenic is extremely poisonous for multicellular life, although several types of bacteria are capable of using arsenic compounds as respiratory metabolites. Pollution of groundwater with arsenic is a problem that affects millions of people around the : Margarita Stoytcheva, Roumen Zlatev.

Arsenic and many of its compounds are especially potent poisons. Arsenic disrupts ATP production through several mechanisms. At the level of the citric acid cycle, arsenic inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase and by competing with phosphate it uncouples oxidative phosphorylation, thus inhibiting energy-linked reduction of NAD+, mitochondrial respiration.

IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risks to humans, suppl. 7, overall evaluations of carcinogenicity: an updating of IARC monographs volumes 1 to 42, arsenic and arsenic compounds, –Cited by: 2.

Arsenic is a naturally occurring allotropic pnictogen and metalloid trace element with atomic symbol As, atomic num and atomic weight that is found in water, air, food, and soil, and has a role as a micronutrient. Arsenic, which is highly toxic with acute or chronic exposure to moderate or high levels through an unknown mechanism of action, is used in many industrial.

arsenic in 36 products (14%) in concentrations from to parts per million (ppm) with a mean of ppm and the median ppm A study in Singapore identified 17 patients during a five year period with cutaneous lesions related to chronic arsenic toxicity, and in 14 (82%) patients toxicity was due to arsenic from Chinese Cited by: The second section, Relevant Chemical Considerations, provides a brief account of arsenic's chemistry that is relevant to considerations of toxicity and carcinogenicity.

In the third section, Analysis of Arsenic Compounds, general methods that have been used to analyze arsenic and its species are outlined. The results of applying these methods. Arsenic compounds, inorganic - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

The compounds of arsenic have high biological activity. Among the numerous arsenic compounds are known substances that show powerful insecticidal, fungicidal, herbicidal, and zoocidal effects. A common disadvantage of all the compounds of arsenic without exception is their high toxicity to man and domestic animals.

Refer also to cards for specific arsenic compounds e.g. Arsenic pentoxide (ICSC ) Arsenic trichloride (ICSC ) Arsenic trioxide (ICSC ) Arsine (ICSC ). Toxicity Information for Arsenic Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Arsenic (As) is a carcinogenic element threatening the health of millions of people around the world.

The sources for human exposure include drinking .Skin lesions, peripheral neuropathy, and anemia are hallmarks of chronic arsenic ingestion. Arsenic is strongly associated with lung and skin cancer in humans, and may cause other cancers as well. This monograph is one in a series of self-instructional publications designed to .Arsenic - Analytical and Toxicological Studies is a collection of original works focused on arsenic occurrence and chemistry, methods for arsenic determination and removal and arsenic toxicity and health risks.

The most commonly used techniques for arsenic quantification and speciation, such as atomic absorption spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, and Author: Margarita Stoytcheva, Roumen Zlatev.